[Leader of Citizen Dialogue] The Municipal Human Resources and Social Security Bureau talks about "earning gains and helping the weak"
- [Interview guest] Xu Xi Director of Beijing Municipal Bureau of Human Resources and Social Security
- [Live Address] View Video
- [Start time] 2018-01-18
- [End time] 2018-01-18
Good evening, listeners, viewers, and netizens. Welcome back to our program. You are now listening to the "Citizen Dialogue Leader" series of live interviews. I am Nie Yijing, host of Beijing Radio and TV Station. This time we set up an all-media communication platform. You can listen to us in real time through Beijing City Broadcasting, BTV News Channel, Window of Capital, Beijing Time, Qianlong.com, Beijing release, Beijing Radio official client "Listen to FM" Programs, and real-time interaction and communication with the studio leader. During this period, the first person invited by the studio was Xu Xi, Secretary of the Party Committee and Director of the Bureau of Human Resources and Social Security. Welcome.
Xu Xi: Hello, moderator, hello audiences, listeners and netizens. I am very happy to share with you today about human resources and social security issues.
We all know that employment is the foundation of people's livelihood. As far as I know, Beijing has just released the "Implementation Opinions on Promoting Employment in the Current and Future Periods". Could you first introduce the specific work of Beijing to promote employment and stabilize employment? Happening?
Xu Xi: Employment is the foundation of people's livelihood, a direct reflection of living and working in peace, and a reflection of the benefits of reform and opening up. The government pays close attention to it and takes it as the main job. The most typical mark of the 40 years of reform and opening up was that once you met, you were asked if you have a job. Now when you meet, you are asked if you are good at work, whether you have a development prospect, and whether you can realize your self-worth. Therefore, the quality of employment has also changed from “has there been” to “good or bad”, so this places high demands on the government.
The general understanding of the people about employment is that there is work. Now, with the adjustment of Beijing's economic structure and industrial structure, under the background of supply-side structural reform, Beijing must achieve higher-quality development, and it has also proposed a higher level of employment for us. Claim.
Xu Xi: Yes, overall employment in Beijing has been relatively stable in recent years. First, the scale of employment is relatively stable. In recent years, the registered unemployment rate has remained within 1.5%, and only 1.5 out of 100 people need some government employment services. In addition, the employment structure is more reasonable, which is in line with the economic structure of Beijing, especially the tertiary industry, and the high-tech industry absorbs a large number of employees. In addition, the proportion of employees who are satisfied or basically satisfied with their employment situation increased from 81.9% in 2015 to 88.9% last year. The government and the market have jointly promoted the promotion of employment.
As far as I know, Beijing has issued the No. 30 document on promoting employment. What are the measures?
Xu Xi: The 30th document was very concerned by the public early this year, and I personally think that it is also a document with a very high gold content.
You read it for us.
Xu Xi: There are only 17 articles in this document, both in terms of business and individuals.
First, from the aspect of enterprises, if an enterprise recruits unemployed persons, it can repay half of the unemployment insurance premiums actually paid in the previous year, encouraging enterprises to not reduce staff or cut staff.
Second, the scale of small- and micro-enterprise entrepreneurial guarantee loans has increased. Originally it was only 2 million yuan, but now it has increased to 3 million yuan.
Third, the government will subsidize 8,000 yuan per person for the employment of enterprises in difficult employment, and encourage enterprises to arrange such employment.
For individuals, there are many high-quality policies this time. For example, for personal entrepreneurship, the government can grant a guarantee loan of 300,000 yuan for your business. Second, encourage training. Training is now a key employment support link. If you have paid unemployment insurance for one year, you can receive training subsidies. In addition, during the training, you will be given a living allowance. After passing the training, you will be given another subsidy.
There are really many subsidies.
Xu Xi: Encourage training to increase long-term employment. There is also the expansion of the scope of subsidies for employment apprenticeships. Originally only aimed at college graduates who left school without employment, now all young people aged 16-24 are covered, as long as there is no employment, including rural labor. The fourth is to expand the scope of subsidies for difficult living in employment. For those who have difficulty living during the unemployment period, there is a temporary living allowance of 3,000 yuan.
Listening to your introduction, we feel that whether we support enterprises or individuals, we can feel the warmth of society, and we also feel the government's strong determination to promote employment and stabilize employment. In the past year, what has Beijing achieved in promoting employment and stabilizing employment? Let's first take a look at it through a short video. (Play live VCR)
Through a series of big data, I feel that in the past year, Beijing has made a lot of achievements in promoting employment and stabilizing employment. Specifically, how can our employment promotion policy benefit the people? Give us an example.
Xu Xi: OK, let me give two examples. One, how can our employment be close to enterprises and citizens. This year, we conducted a survey on artificial intelligence companies in Zhongguancun to see what kind of labor force is needed. According to the collected data, we need 100,000 programmers, because this is a career that cannot be achieved, but is too unwilling to do so. The education cannot be done, so the government cooperated with the market and organized a training course for programming. After more than 20,000 citizens passed the training of the program class, many have already been employed in artificial intelligence companies, and their monthly salary is nearly 20,000 yuan, or It is more than ten thousand, and this is also fuller employment of high quality.
Let me give you another example. Secretary Cai pays special attention to the life of the citizens of Huilongguan and Tiantongyuan areas. They pay attention to the balance between work and residence. They are a living area there. The company searched it, posted it on the information platform, and recruited on-site in Tianlongyuan Huilongguan area. More than 50 companies provided more than 1,500 jobs. More than 60 people from Huawei Beijing Research Institute proposed employment cooperation on the same day, which made the concept of job-housing balance deepen. People's hearts. Originally, the administrative district was considered when doing work. Now, a circle is drawn based on the number of kilometers of the place of residence, which provides jobs to the citizens around the needs of the enterprise, making the balance of work and residence more convenient for the citizens and the enterprise.
This also shows that the city management is becoming more and more refined, promoting the employment nearby, making our occupation-living balance further realized, and reducing a lot of traffic pressure.
Xu Xi: Yes, to solve the diseases in big cities.
When you talked about Secretary Cai Qi's investigations in Tiantongyuan and Huilongguan, he mentioned the promotion of the public service industry. Do we have any measures in this regard?
Xu Xi: Yes. In the public service industry, we regard many public posts as emergency plans for employment, because public service posts are provided by the government, including rural forest guards and water guards. These posts are provided to those who are in difficulty in employment, so that they can be temporarily resolved. Difficult, in the long run, they can also serve the government's public welfare undertakings, and these personnel have also made great contributions to the good life of the society.
On the one hand, we must promote employment, and on the other hand, we must provide more protection for everyone. Speaking of insurance premiums, the five insurances are more concerned about endowment insurance or medical insurance. For unemployment insurance and work injury insurance, everyone may not pay much attention. Let's first understand through a short film what measures Beijing has taken in terms of unemployment protection in 2018. (Play live VCR)
Unemployment and work-related injury insurance do not usually have a lot of contacts. What are the two insurance benefits for life?
Xu Xi: Unemployment insurance actually contacts the public a lot, because many of the trainings mentioned above use unemployment insurance, but the probability of real unemployment may be very small. But once you are unemployed, you have to register at the social security office and enjoy the relevant subsidies. It is divided into two aspects. One is living allowance. The key is to continue to provide you with basic medical insurance so that your medical insurance can continue smoothly. I hope that citizens and friends will immediately register at the social insurance office and enjoy the relevant benefits of unemployment insurance once they lose their jobs. , Both life and medical care.
Occupational injury insurance is an accident in the event that no one wants to happen, but the government uses 10,000 efforts to guarantee 1 in 10,000 possible risks. How to guarantee? On the one hand, all construction companies in the construction industry must "insured first and then start work". You can only obtain a work permit if you have insurance. On the other hand, you can use the floating rate of work injury insurance for the enterprise. The safety indicators can be lowered and the highest can be lowered. 80%.
Professional titles are the "baton" and "weathervane" of talent evaluation. What will happen to the reform of the professional title system in the future?
Xu Xi: Let me tell you about related professional titles, such as primary and secondary schools, kindergarten teachers, who did not have a positive senior title before, just like a low-lying place for talents. The positive senior title has been added in the past two years, making primary and secondary schools attractive. In terms of outstanding talents, 230 comrades have been rated on the senior level in recent years.
Another is the general practitioners that have increased in recent years. In the past two years, we have used the "baton" of professional titles to attract community doctors to love and dedicate themselves. We have established a professional title of general practitioners, which is different from specialists and only deals with treatment. The assessment of common diseases and chronic diseases, and the assessment of the provision of public services, now more than 1,100 people have been evaluated for this title. There are also doctors with senior titles around you who are doing community services for you, which is also what we do for the citizens.
Everyone does not necessarily have to go to a large hospital.
Xu Xi: Yes, I also want to tell the public through the media that there is good news this year and good news for farmers. This year, we will set up professional farmer titles, so that farmers will also have professional titles, and they will be standardized and standardized to make them love their jobs, Returning home for employment and entrepreneurship, so that the beautiful countryside reflects the contribution of talents and allows talents to play a role in the construction of beautiful countryside. This is good news for the citizens. I hope more publicity in this area will be made to make the professional farmers' titles more effective.
We see that the human resources system is constantly being improved. Talent is the core competitiveness. Only with a sound talent evaluation mechanism and training mechanism can we help Beijing achieve high-quality development. This interview has ended here. Thank you very much. See you later.
Xu Xi: Thank you.